求职英语

2015年05月08日 14:11 旅游与国土资源学院 点击:[]

一、面试英文须知

你获得面试了,恭喜!如何留下好印象对成功与否至关重要。就算英文还可以,由于紧张也可能发挥不好。更何况,有些情况不是英文本身的错误,而是是否选择了适当的词在适当的时候说出来。

面试的英文需要运用一系列比较专业的词汇,并且善用几种时态,如说明过去的工作要用过去时,以前取得的成绩要用过去完成时等等。这里我们就讲讲什么时候该说什么。

当你走进雇主的办公室,先介绍自己,握手,微笑很重要。此后第一句话往往是打开局面的,通常面试人员会问:

How are you today?

Did you have any trouble finding us?

What do you think of the weather lately?

他们的语调可能会很友好,因为他们也希望你放松,尽量发挥你自己的水平。这时候你要有简单爽快而有礼貌的回应,如:

对方问:How are you today?

好的回答是:I'm fine thank you, and you? 或 I'm well thank you.

不好的回答是:So, so 或 OK 或Not so well

面试过程中最重要的部分是表述自己的学历,工作经验和资历。这些是和你应聘工作直接相关的。

学历方面:记住你的学历是在以前完成的,要用过去时态。例如:

I attended the University of Beijing from 1990 to 1993.

I graduated with a degree in civic engineering.

如果你现在还是学生,那么应用现在时态,例如:

I am currently studying at the University of York and will graduate with a degree in Economics in the coming spring.

I am studying English at the Seneca Community College.

记得要告诉雇主,你仍然在不断改善你的英语,比如你每周还上几小时的英语课。因为英文不是你的母语,他们对此可能会有顾虑。

工作经验和资历无疑是面试中最重要的部分。所以雇主很想知道个中的许多细节。雇主想知道你到底做过什么,做得好不好。因此你不要谦虚,把最好的成绩和方面表达出来。

当谈到你目前在做的工作时你可以用现在完成进行时,表示你不但一直在这样做,而且将来也会持续下去:

ABC Engineering Inc. have employed me for the last 3 years as a salesperson. I have been creating customer contacts for 6 months.

但谈到以前的工作时用过去时:

I was employed by Jackson's Ltd. from 1995 to 1997 as a office manager.

I worked as a production supervisor at the Heitz while I was living in New York.

当谈及以前的工作成绩和表现,尽量用一些主动的,积极的,令人印象深刻的动词,比用名词或者系动词词组效果好。比如与其说My job is to assist the senior scientist with unit testing不如说I assisted the senior scientist with unit testing.与其说I was responsible for the business needs analysis不如说I analyzed the business needs.

二、面试中最常问的题目以及如何对答

问: Tell me about yourself.

答: I was born and raised in Dalian, China. I attended the University of Beijing and received my master's degree in Economics. I have worked for 5 years as a financial consultant in Beijing for various companies including Rossi Consultants, People's Insurance of China and Pepsi. I enjoy playing soccer in my free time and traveling.

答: I've just graduated from the University of Toronto with a degree in Computers Science. During the summers, I worked as a systems administrator for a small company to help pay for my education.

评语: 这个问题的目的是想大概地了解你,所以无需讲太多细节的东西。你的回答通常会帮助面试官决定下个问题问什么。除了给对方一个整体的印象,最重要的是着重讲和工作有关的经验。工作经验是大多数面试中最重要的环节,比学历更重要。

问: What type of position are you looking for?

答: I'm interested in an entry level (beginning) position.

答: I'm looking for a position in which I can utilize my experience.

答: I would like any position for which I qualify.

评语:对于一个英语非母语的申请人,许多公司期望你能从低做起,慢慢弥补语言方面的不足。就算你以前很成功有多年经验,也应当有这个心理准备。

问: Are you interested in a full-time or part-time position?

答: I am more interested in a full-time position. However, I would also consider a part-time position.

评语: 尽量留最大的余地争取机会。因为只要工作拿到了,以后的事情就容易把握,主动性大多了。

问: Can you tell me about your responsibilities at your last job?

答: I advised customers on financial matters. After I consulted the customer, I completed a customer inquiry form and catalogued the information in our database. I then collaborated with colleagues to prepare the best possible package for the client. The clients were then presented with a summarized report on their financial activities that I formulated on a quarterly basis.

评语: 提到过往工作经验时,注意越详细越好。新移民最容易犯的错误之一是讲过去经历时太过笼统。雇主是想知道你到底做什么以及你做得怎么样,你讲得越详细,他们就越能知道你是否在行。你可以换着用一些不同的词汇来形容,而且尽量不要每句话都用“I”开头。记得用过去时态。

问: What is your greatest strength?

答: I work well under pressure. When there is a deadline (a time by which the work must be finished), I can focus on the task at hand (current project) and structure my work schedule well. I remember one week when I had to get 6 new customer reports out by Friday at 5. I finished all the reports ahead of time without having to work overtime.

答: I am an excellent communicator. People trust me and come to me for advice. One afternoon, my colleague was involved with a troublesome (difficult) customer who felt he was not being served well. I made the customer a cup of coffee and invited both my colleague and the client to my desk where we solved the problem together.

答: I am a trouble shooter. When there was a problem at my last job, the manager would always ask me to solve it. Last summer, the LAN server at work crashed. The manager was desperate and called me in (requested my help) to get the LAN back online. After taking a look at the daily backup, I detected the problem and the LAN was up and running (working) within the hour.

评语: 不用谦虚,充满自信地把自己最好的方面都抖出来。记得要给一些具体的例子,举例时变化用词。

问: What is your greatest weakness?

答: I am overzealous (work too hard) and become nervous when my co-workers are not pulling their weight (doing their job). However, I am aware of this problem, and before I say anything to anyone, I ask myself why the colleague is having difficulties.

答: I tend to spend too much time making sure the customer is satisfied. However, I began setting time-limits for myself If I noticed this happening.

评语: 这其实是一个很巧妙的问题,你要讲得出一个其实是优点的缺点。比如工作太认真啦,对自己对人要求很高啦,工作很追求完美啦,等等。在讲到缺点后要记得说你一直在致力于改善。

问:Why do you want to work for us?

答: After following your firms progress for the last 3 years, I am convinced that Smith and Sons are becoming one of the market leaders and I would like to be part of the team.

答: I am impressed by the quality of your products. I am sure that I would be a convincing salesman because I truly believe that the Atomizer is the best product on the market today.

评语: 对这个问题你要事前做研究,通过看公司网站,其他有关信息等。越了解公司,对你越有利。

问: When can you begin?

答: Immediately.

答: As soon as you would like me to begin.

评语: 充分表示你想要工作!

以上只是一些最基本的面试问答。对于英语非母语的人来说,最重要和最难的是用英语讲述大量细节,尤其是复杂的细节。然而,雇主是很有必要知道你能否把工作范畴内的细节表达清楚,这对你是否胜任至关重要。不要太过担心语法问题。只要用词够多,内容够细,只要不影响理解,语法往往不是那么重要。

三、哪些问题是可以探测面试官对这次面试的印象

1. Have you had a chance to review my resume?

别以为这是个多余的问题,事实上,不少的面试人员事前并没有看过应聘者的简历,就匆匆忙忙开始了面谈。他们一边面试一边看你的简历。这个问题是个开场白,如果他们没有看过你的简历,通常也不会承认,可能会说:" I haven't had the chance to review it in details as I would like to."(其实就是一次也没看过。)不要为此懊丧,没看过的话,正好可以说,"well, maybe it is helpful for me to talk about the highlights of my qualifications." 就好象一个销售人员在推销产品之前,总是问“你对这个产品有什么认识/了解吗?”然后再开始自己的陈述。即使他们说已经看过你的简历,你一样可以说:"So let me talk about the highlights of my qualifications."

2. Is there anything else I can tell you about my qualifications?

有可能的话,尽量用"qualifications"代替"experience"。前者代表了取得的成绩,更加突出了你是有才之士,相比之下后者比较中性,被动。问这个问题,有益无害,只要面试官说Yes,你就有更多的机会把最好的料子亮出来。越能让对方说Yes,你在他们眼中就越有价值,留下的印象越深。这是在首次和第二次面试中值得问的问题(假设面试总共有三次的话)。

3. I've read the job description, of course, but how would you describe the nature and duties of this job?

乍看这个问题显得明知故问,其实不然。你对这份工作有你的理解,而招聘人员也许有他自己的看法,和登出来的招聘要求并不完全一样。通过他们对这份工作的描述,至少你可以听出来什么是最重要的,什么是招聘广告里面没提到的。那么借此发挥:"I am glad to hear that maintaining customer relationship is a great part of this position. I am very customer-focused and always keep their needs in mind." 假设你在第二次面试中和另一个面试人员谈,那么可以再次问这个问题:"I've spoken to Mr. Smith about the responsibilities involved in this job. What's your take on the most important aspects of this position?"

4. What are the major challenges that you staff is facing right now?

这个问题有双重目的。第一个目的就是看看自己对公司面临的问题能否提出自己的意见和看法,来表面自己是一个善于解决问题的人。第二个目的就是如果这家公司真的存在着问题,你要考虑是否要加入。

5. What results would you like to see me produce?

问这个问题,显示出你的心态是"do a job",真正的干活,不是混口饭吃。不管对方说什么,你都可以接着说:"This is what you expect, this is what I will do." 可以对新的面试官重复同样的问题。

6. What do you consider ideal experience of this position?

这个问题的目的是衡量自己的资历水平和对方所说的理解人选差多少,然后尽量把距离拉近。先把已经符合的部分重申一次,然后再说不符合的部分,强调自己的经验和学习能力,可以很快把差距消除。

7. How would you describe the atmosphere, the culture of this company?

这也是个有双重目的的问题。首先就是了解公司的气氛,文化,环境是怎样的,是否合适自己发展;其次是可以表明自己很喜欢这种环境。可以说:"I really like that. I am energized by pressure situations."

8. Was the person who held this job before me promoted?

这个问题是要知道到底是不是有空缺,同时也可以了解拿到这个位子以后下一步可以晋升到什么水平。

9. May I talk to the person who held this job previously(or who is currently doing this job)?

根据上一个问题的结果,你大概已经知道,招这个职位是因为现在在做的人升了官,辞了职,还是转到其他的职位上去了。如果能够面谈当然好,如果不能够,看看对方用什么理由来拒绝你,

10. Based on what I've told you, don't you think that I could give you all that you need in this position?

就象所有的销售人员,在最后敲定之前,都会问:“根据我前面的介绍,你难道不认为这是笔好交易吗?”这个问题是为了引出一个积极的回应,绝大多数的面试人员很难在这个问题下生硬地打发你,他们很可能说Yes。

四、面试中不好回答的问题

招聘人员往往根据你的回答来判断你的个人品质,工作风格和可能存在的问题。

1. Why are you leaving your present job? 你为什么要辞掉现在的工作?

在自己觉得舒服的基础上诚实地回答,比如公司机构重组,不再需要你这个职位。或者你觉得现在工作不适合你自己的长远职业需要等等。

2. Describe what you feel to be an ideal working environment. 形容一下你认为最理想的工作环境。

这是看你对工作环境的要求。你可以说“最理想的工作环境是人人都得到公平的对待。”To me the ideal working environment is one in which people are treated as fairly as possible. 也可以说challenging and fun workplace.

3. How would you evaluate your present firm? 你如何看待你现在工作的企业?

如果不是因为有什么过失或矛盾而要离开现在的公司,那么最好说说现在公司好的一面。It's an excellent company that is regarded as one of the industry leaders.

4. In your current or last position, what features did you like the most? Least? Why? 在你现在或者上一份工作中,你最喜欢和最不喜欢的是什么?为什么?

对最喜欢的部分照实说,对最不喜欢的事情,由于始终是你职责的一部分,你最好用积极的方式来说明。In my last job I had to report what I do to my manager on a daily basis. I think that I am very organized and self-supervised so daily report is not the best way of using the time of both.

5. Why haven't you found a new position before now? 为什么在这之前你没找到一份新工作呢?

找工作不难,找份合适的就难多了。这里强调你是有选择地求职,旨在找到对口的位置。

6. What do you think of your boss? 你对你现在的上司怎么看?

尽量讲好的方面。一般招聘人员都不喜欢听你讲以前老板的坏话,尽管真假难以查考。

7. How do you resolve conflict on a project team? 在一个团队中你如何解决矛盾?

沟通是最重要的,要理解各方的真正要求。开始会私下进行了解。Communication is very important to resolve conflict. First I would discuss the issues privately with the team members involved then I will help to find out a way to settle based on the business needs.

8. Do you generally speak to people before they speak to you? 一般来说,在人们和你说话之前你会先和他们说话吗?

看情况了。It depends on the circumstances.

9. How would you describe your own personality? 你如何形容你的个性?

根据你所应聘的公司和职位的要求来调整你的回答。有的职位要求人听话,肯干,有的要求人有创造性,主动性。在回答以前你心中对这家公司和工作应当有一定的感觉或认识。

10. Are you a leader? 你是一个领导者吗?

当然是了。信不信由你,leadership领导才能在西方社会里是极受重视的,就算你是个生产线的装配工,有领导才能也会比没有好。所以,多多少少你也要说你有领导才能。举几个例子。

11. What career options do you have at the moment? 你目前的职业有些什么选择?

讲到职业选择,应该设法和所应聘的行业和职位相连。"I see three areas of interest..."

12. How would you describe the essence of success? According to your definition of success, how successful have you been so far? 你如何定义成功?根据你的定义,你认为到现在为止你有多成功?

仔细想想,回答时重点强调你以往取得的成绩。

13. You may be overqualified for the position we have to offer. 对我们目前招聘的职位你可能资历过高。

这里指出由于你资历高,公司对你的投资更小,回报更快。而且你会找到把工作做得更好的方法。并强调你看重长远的发展。Strong companies need strong people. A growing, energetic company is rarely unable to use its employees' talents.

五、关于薪水About Salary

面试时谈薪水待遇是很重要的,关系到你的切身利益。转贴下面的一些面试中有用的句子,和大家分享。

1. The salary I should require would be HK$6,500 per month as a start.

待遇方面,本人希望月薪六千五百元起薪。

2. I should require a salary of 4,500 a month to begin with.

本人希望,月薪由四千五百元起薪。

3. The salary I should require would be 60,000 a year, plus 1% commission on all sales.

关于薪金,要求年薪六万元,同时希望获得售价1%的分红。

4. The salary at which I should desire to commence is 10,000 dollars.

本人希望起薪10,000元。

5. The salary required is 12,000 per month, living in the house.

希望待遇月薪一万二千元,另供应宿舍。

6. I should require a commencing salary of 9,600 dollars a month.

本人希望,月薪九千六百元起薪。

7. I am quite willing to start with a small salary.

起薪多少,本人并不计较。

8. As regards salary, I leave it to you to decide after experience of my capacity.

关于薪金,请考验本人的能力再作定夺。

9. However, the matter of remuneration will take care of itself, as it always does, if other things are all right.

不过,如其他条件具备,待遇问题,自会解决。

10. I am willing to serve on trial for some months at a small salary.

开始试用,本人愿以低微的薪金工作数月。

六、履历表相关词汇 A Useful Glossary for a Resume

履历表(Resume)是你的求职信中必须附加的部分,对方往往会先审阅各来信中的履历表,因为它是以列表形式出现,如果对方一收信就是数十或数百份,较为省力的初步挑选就是先读应征者寄来的履历表,所以履历表很重要。

在履历表中须包括:1.个人资料;2.教育背景;3.工作经验;

在履历表中不须有完整句子,但必须将有关资料以整齐、有系统的方法表达出来。求职信本身,履历表须打字,除非对方特别要求书写。

此外并须在履历表上贴上一张照片。

1. 个人资料有用词汇 A Useful Glossary for Personal Data

2. 教育程度有用词汇 A Useful Glossary for Educational Background

3. 工作经历有用词汇 A Useful Glossary for Work Experience

4. 个人品质有用词汇 A Useful Glossary for Personal Characters

5. 其它内容有用词汇 A Useful Glossary for Other Contents

1. 个人资料有用词汇 A Useful Glossary for Personal Data


name 姓名

alias 别名

pen name 笔名

date of birth 出生日期

birth date 出生日期

born 出生于

birth place 出生地点

age 年龄

native place 籍贯

province 省

city 市

autonomous region 自治区

prefecture 专区

county 县

nationality 民族,国籍

citizenship 国籍

duel citizenship 双重国籍

address 地址

current address 目前地址

present address 目前地址

permanent address 永久地址

postal code 邮政编码

home phone 住宅电话

office phone 办公电话

business phone 办公电话

Tel.电话

sex 性别

male 男

female 女

height 身高

weight 体重

marital status 婚姻状况

family status 家庭状况

married 已婚

single/unmarried 未婚

divorced 离异

separated 分居

number of children 子女人数

none 无

street 街

lane 胡同,巷

road 路

district 区

house number 门牌

health 健康状况

health condition 健康状况

blood type 血型

short-sighted 近视

far-sighted 远视

color-blind 色盲

ID card No.身份证号码

date of availability 可到职时间

available 可到职

membership 会员,资格

president 会长

vice-president 副会长

director 理事

standing director 常务理事

secretary general 秘书长

society 学会

association 协会

research society 研究会

2. 教育程度有用词汇 A Useful Glossary for Educational Background

education 学历

educational background 教育程度

educational history 学历

curriculum 课程

major 主修

minor 副修

educational highlights 课程重点部分

curriculum included 课程包括

specialized courses 专门课程

courses taken 所学课程

courses completed 所学课程

special training 特别训练

social practice 社会实践

part-time jobs 业余工作

summer jobs 暑期工作

vacation jobs 假期工作

refresher course 进修课程

extracurricular activities 课外活动

physical activities 体育活动

recreational activities 娱乐活动

academic activities 学术活动

social activities 社会活动

rewards 奖励

scholarship 奖学金

"Three Goods" student 三好学生

excellent League member 优秀团员

excellent leader 优秀干部

student council 学生会

off-job training 脱产培训

in-job training 在职培训

educational system 学制

academic year 学年

semester 学期(美)

term 学期 (英)

intelligence quotient 智商

pass 及格

fail 不及格

marks 分数

grades 分数

scores 分数

examination 考试

grade 年级

class 班级

monitor 班长

vice-monitor 副班长

commissary in charge of studies 学习委员

commissary in charge of entertainment 文娱委员

commissary in charge of sports 体育委员

commissary in charge of physical labor 劳动委员

Party branch secretary 党支部书记

League branch secretary 团支部书记

commissary in charge of organization 组织委员

commissary in charge of publicity 宣传委员

degree 学位

post doctorate 博士后

doctor (Ph.D) 博士

master 硕士

bachelor 学士

student 学生

graduate student 研究生

abroad student 留学生

returned student 回国留学生

foreign student 外国学生

undergraduate 大学肄业生

senior 大学四年级学生;高中三年级学生

Junior 大学三年级学生;高中二年级学生

sophomore 大学二年级学生;高中一年级学生

freshman 大学一年级学生

guest student 旁听生(英)

auditor 旁听生(美)

government-supported student 公费生

commoner 自费生

extern 走读生

day-student 走读生

intern 实习生

prize fellow 奖学金生

boarder 寄宿生

classmate 同班同学

schoolmate 同校同学

graduate 毕业生

3. 工作经历有用词汇 A Useful Glossary for Work Experience

work experience 工作经历

work history 工作经历

occupational history 工作经历

professional history 职业经历

employment 经历

employment history 工作经历

experience 经历

business experience 工作经历

specific experience 具体经历

employment record 工作经历

employment experience 工作经历

business background 工作经历

position 职位

job title 职位

responsibilities 职责

duties 职责

second job 第二职业

achievements 工作成就,业绩

administer 管理

assist 辅助

adapted to 适应于

accomplish 完成(任务等)

appointed 被任命的

adept in 善于

analyze 分析

authorized 委任的,核准的

behave 表现

break the record 打破记录

conduct 经营,处理

nominated 被提名的,被任命的

promote 推销(商品);创立(企业)等

be promoted to 被提升为

be proposed as 被提名为,被推荐为

advanced worker 先进工作者

working model 劳动模范

excellent Party member 优秀党员

excellent League member 优秀团员

4. 个人品质有用词汇 A Useful Glossary for Personal Characters

able 有才干的,能干的

active 主动的,活跃的

adaptable 适应性强的

adroit 灵巧的,机敏的

aggressive 有进取心的

alert 机灵的

ambitious 有雄心壮志的

amiable 和蔼可亲的

amicable 友好的

analytical 善于分析的

apprehensive 有理解力的

aspiring 有志气的,有抱负的

audacious 大胆的,有冒险精神的

capable 有能力的,有才能的

careful 办事仔细的

candid 正直的

charitable 宽厚的

competent 能胜任的

confident 有信心的

conscientious 认真的,自觉的

considerate 体贴的

constructive 建设性的

contemplative 好沉思的

cooperative 有合作精神的

creative 富创造力的

dashing 有一股子冲劲的,有拼搏精神的

dedicated 有奉献精神的

devoted 有献身精神的

dependable 可靠的

diplomatic 老练的,有策略的

disciplined 守纪律的

discreet (在行动,说话等方面)谨慎的

dutiful 尽职的

dynamic 精悍的

earnest 认真的

well-educated 受过良好教育的

efficient 有效率的

energetic 精力充沛的

enthusiastic 充满热情的

expressive 善于表达

faithful 守信的,忠诚的

forceful (性格)坚强的

frank 直率的,真诚的

friendly 友好的

frugal 俭朴的

generous 宽宏大量的

genteel 有教养的

gentle 有礼貌的

hard-working 勤劳的

hearty 精神饱满的

honest 诚实的

hospitable 殷勤的

humble 恭顺的

humorous 幽默的

impartial 公正的

independent 有主见的

industrious 勤奋的

ingenious 有独创性的

initiative 首创精神

have an inquiring mind 爱动脑筋

intellective 有智力的

intelligent 理解力强的

inventive 有发明才能的,有创造力的

just 正直的

kind-hearted 好心的

knowledgeable 有见识的

learned 精通某门学问的

liberal 心胸宽大的

logical 条理分明的

loyal 忠心耿耿的

methodical 有方法的

modest 谦虚的

motivated 目的明确的

objective 客观的

open-minded 虚心的

orderly 守纪律的

original 有独创性的

painstaking 辛勤的,苦干的,刻苦的

practical 实际的

precise 一丝不苟的

persevering 不屈不挠的

punctual 严守时刻的

purposeful 意志坚强的

qualified 合格的

rational 有理性的

realistic 实事求是的

reasonable 讲道理的

reliable 可信赖的

responsible 负责的

self-conscious 自觉的

selfless 无私的

sensible 明白事理的

sincere 真诚的

smart 精明的

spirited 生气勃勃的

sporting 光明正大的

steady 塌实的

straightforward 老实的

strict 严格的

systematic 有系统的

strong-willed 意志坚强的

sweet-tempered 性情温和的

temperate 稳健的

tireless 孜孜不倦的

5. 其它内容有用词汇 A Useful Glossary for Other Contents

应聘职位:

objective 目标

career objective 职业目标

employment objective 工作目标

position wanted 希望职位

job objective 工作目标

position applied for 申请职位

position sought 谋求职位

position desired 希望职位


七、求职信常用语句 Useful wording in application letters

1. 说明写应征函的起因 Beginnings

2. 自荐函用语:起头 Beginnings for Unsolicited Letters of Application

3. 自我介绍:叙述个人年龄、经验 Introducing Oneself: About Age and Experience

4. 叙述个人的能力 About Personal Ability

5. 随函附寄物(附件) About Enclosure

6. 关于薪金待遇 About Salary

7. 说明离职原因 Reasons for leaving

8. 结尾:请求面谈及客套语 Ending: Request for Interview

 

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